The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict. Authors; Authors and affiliations. Barry R. Posen Nuclear Weapon Military Power Ethnic Conflict Military Capability. Posen first discusses security dilemma and then uses this concept to explain two cases: Why Croats and Serbs fought a war, and why Ukraine. 24 Posen, Barry, ‘The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict’, Survival, 35 (), pp. 27–47 CrossRef | Google Scholar, esp. pp. 27–
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Posen alludes to a number of variables that lead to the variance in ethnic conflict across regions. Russia, despite losing vast amounts of power, had a great deal more nuclear infrastructure and inherited the vast majority of delivery methods thus making Ukrainian nuclear ability somewhat hollow. This is a useful approach. This would have made an interesting contrast to the situation in Yugoslavia, where the inherited weapons were nearly all serviceable and useful to the forces receiving them, but Dilemmaa does not make this argument.
Between Russia and Ukraine there is the issue of the Holmodor and the control of Ukraine by Moscow throughout the previous centuries — along with the an held by many Russian qnd that Kiev is inseparable from modern Russia due to its role in establishing Russia.
Posen is correct in treating the nuclear arsenals of Ukraine and Russia as more important in contributing to the security dilemma than the other factors, but neglects to mention the considerable amount of immediately useful conventional weapons in the region. This assessment was made by the Croats during the Operation Storm. Thus, we should not exaggerate the impact of technology, except nuclear weapons. It is concise, to the point and provides a fascinating insight into the more pressing security issues across Southern and Eastern Europe of the s.
Help Center Find new research papers in: The answer is history. This approach would, however, not be sufficient in explaining the Yugoslav Wars as a whole, or the relationship between Russia and Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union mainly due to the role of liberal international organisations but it is more than reliable for etynic two examples.
Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict – Summary Hub
Please login to be able to download file. Posen argues that Croatia overestimated the reliability and influence of the Federal Germany as an ally. In the Yugoslav wars this manifested itself as elements of the Croat right wing considering German diplomatic support as leading toward inevitable western military support.
Posen, whilst identifying Yugoslavia as a securiyt exercising universal conscription, provides no insight into the dominance of Serbs holding senior positions within the JNA and the perception held by the Croat community that the JNA was a Serb Army.
Relative power is difficult to measure and is often subjectively appraised; what seems sufficient to one state’s defence will seem offensive to its neighbors. Therefore, states will tje the offensive if they wish to survive. In his piece for Survival, Posen seeks to explain the stark variations in ethnic conflict across regions.
The Croat belief, particularly among those on the far right, was that the modern day German state would support the newly founded Croatian state and the Croatian people across a collapsing Yugoslavia.
Bibliographic Information Please login to be able to download file. Whilst nuclear weapons were not present in Yugoslavia, this absence may be seen as a motivating factor not only for outside intervention but the aggressive tactics carried out by communities across the collapsed state.
The threat of international intervention is particularly relevant in the years after the Cold War, with humanitarian intervention becoming more popular among western heads of state and institutions such as the International Criminal Court gaining prominence.
‘The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict’ – A Literature Review | Daniel Blanthorn –
This article attempts to apply a basic realist concept, security dilemma, to account for civil conflicts following the collapse of the USSR.
Indeed, the subsequent Ukrainian abandonment of its nuclear weapons lends much credence to the realist approach to international security it is questionable as to whether Russia would have engaged in conflict with Ukraine if the latter had retained nuclear weapons, regardless of their condition or state of delivery methods and reading an account of relations at the time is fascinating.
The Balkans, particularly the three way conflict barryy Serbs, Croats and Bosnian Muslims Serb and Slovene conflict receives a brief mention, but due to the extremely short and sharp nature of that conflict it is not explored furtherand tension between Ukraine and Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union are his focal points.
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Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict
For an article first written in it is reliable, useful and interesting. A group identity helps the individual members cooperate to achieve their purposes. Second, Offense is more effective than defense. But during the communist war and famine ofUkrainian president blamed the bolshevicks, not the Russians.
Ultimately; Posen baarry convincing in providing definitive answers to the original aim of his work; explaining the variance in ethnic conflict through the security dilemma and the individual factors within.
Among those groups, there will be competition for security. Comments Please login to be able to comment. Skip to main content. Nevertheless, this article is a nice example of the application of a realist concept to a state-level-situation.