Letter to Menoeceus By Epicurus. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Greeting. Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search. Letter to Menoeceus – Epicurus – Translated by Robert Drew Hicks – Epicurus; BC, was an ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder of the. In this letter, Epicurus recommends to Menoeceus that he conduct his life according to certain prescripts, and in accordance with certain beliefs, in order that his.
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Sia rated it it was ok Jul 22, When we say, then, that pleasure is the end and aim, we do not mean the pleasures of the prodigal or the pleasures of sensuality, as we are understood to do by some through ignorance, prejudice, or willful misrepresentation. Epicurus never married and had no known children. For the end of all our actions is to be free from pain and fear, and, when once we have attained all this, the tempest of the soul is laid; seeing that the living creature has no need to go in search of something that is lacking, nor to look anything else by which the good of the soul and of the body will be fulfilled.
Myriah Starrs rated it liked it Jan 04, For the utterances of the multitude about the gods are not true preconceptions but false assumptions; hence it is that the greatest evils happen to the wicked and the greatest blessings happen to the good from the hand of the gods, seeing that they are always favorable to their own good qualities and take pleasure in people like to themselves, but reject as alien whatever is not of their kind.
The good, says Epicurus, is pleasure—a thesis that was explicitly rejected by Socrates and Plato before him—and pain is evil.
The wise man does not deprecate life nor does he fear the cessation of life. For life has no terrors for him who has thoroughly understood that there are no terrors for him in ceasing to live. There he founded The Garden, a school named for the garden he owned about halfway between the Stoa and the Academy that served as the school’s meeting place. He holds a holy belief concerning the gods, and is altogether free from the fear of death. First believe that God is a living being immortal and blessed, according to the notion of a god indicated by the common sense of mankind; and so believing, you shall not affirm of him anything that is foreign to his immortality or that is repugnant to his blessedness.
Destiny which some introduce as sovereign over all things, he laughs to scorn, affirming rather that some things happen of necessity, others by chance, others through our own agency. Of those that are natural, some are necessary and some unnecessary. HOWEVER, copyright law varies in other countries, and the work may still be under copyright in the country from which you are accessing this website. One group member brought up the idea of how addictions form.
Who, then, is superior in your judgment to such a man? For he sees that necessity destroys responsibility and that chance is inconstant; whereas our own actions are autonomous, and it is to them that praise and blame naturally attach.
It is, however, by measuring one against another, and by looking at the conveniences and inconveniences, teat all these matters must be judged. To ask other readers questions about Letter to Menoeceusplease sign up.
And of the necessary desires some are necessary if we are to be happy, some if the body is to be rid of uneasiness, some if we are even to live. This web edition published by eBooks Adelaide.
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Then we discussed whether or not clothing was necessary.
Discussion summary on : Epicurus Letter to Menoeceus
For I have been attacked by a painful inability to urinate, and also epicueus, so violent that nothing can be added to the violence of my sufferings. His statement of the Ethic of Reciprocity as the foundation of ethics is the earliest in Ancient Greece, and he differs from the formulation of utilitarianism by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill by emphasizing the minimization of harm to oneself and others as the way to maximize happiness.
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Believe about him whatever may uphold both his blessedness and his immortality. Fate, which some introduce as sovereign over all things, he scorns, affirming rather that some things happen of necessity, others by chance, others through our own agency. Borbs rated it really liked it Oct 31, For example, one person may need medicine that is necessary for their health. Who, then, is superior in your judgment to such a person? When we say, then, that pleasure is the end and aim, we do not mean the pleasures of the prodigal or the pleasures of sensuality, as we are understood to do by some through ignorance, prejudice, or willful misrepresentation.
For people lose all appearance of mortality by living in the midst of immortal blessings. For no age is too early or too late for the health of the soul. Although Epicurus was said to believe in the existence of the gods, he was known as an atheist, for he claimed that it was a mistake to think that the gods were interested and involved themselves in human affairs. Return to Book Page. However, clothing could be necessary or some and necessary for others. For tto virtues have grown into one with a pleasant life, and a pleasant life is inseparable from them.
And he who admonishes the young to live well and the old to make a good end speaks foolishly, not merely because of the desirability of life, but because the same exercise at once teaches to live well and to die well.
We said that clothing would not be necessary if a shelter was well built, or if you lived in a warm climate. It is, however, by measuring one against another, and by looking at the conveniences and inconveniences, that all these matters must be judged.
Letter to Menoeceus: Epicurus by Epicurus
Thanks for telling us about the problem. We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count upon it as quite certain to come nor despair of it as quite certain not to come. Columbia College Search Enter a keyword Search. It is your responsibility to check the applicable copyright laws in your country before downloading this work. But in the world, at one time people shun death as the greatest of all evils, and at another time choose it as a respite from the evils in life.
To habituate one’s self, therefore, to simple and inexpensive diet supplies all that is needful for health, and enables a man to meet the necessary requirements of life without shrinking, and it places us in a better condition when we approach at intervals a costly fare and renders us fearless of fortune. For this reason we call pleasure the alpha and omega of a happy life. For the virtues have grown into one with a pleasant life, and a pleasant life is inseparable from them.
If he speaks only in jest, his words are foolishness as those who hear him do not believe. He suffered from kidney stones, to which he finally succumbed in BCE at the age of 72, and despite the prolonged pain involved, he wrote to Idomeneus: When we are pained because of the absence of pleasure, then, and then only, do we feel the need of pleasure. And since pleasure is our first and native good, for that reason we do not choose every pleasure whatever, but often pass over many pleasures when a greater annoyance ensues from them.
For if he truly believes this, why does he not depart from life? He taught that pleasure and pain are the measures of what is good and bad, that death is the end of the body and the soul and should therefore not be feared, that the gods do not reward or punish humans, that the universe is infinite and eternal, and that events in the world are ultimately based on the motions and interactions of atoms moving in empty space.